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Phuket has long been a home for fisherman for many centuries and was first mentioned in 157 AD by the Greek philosopher Ptolemy, discussed earlier in the Indian Ocean section, who recorded it as Junk Ceylon.

It’s the biggest island in the Andaman Sea and forms the southern end of a mountain range that is 440kms long all the way up to the Kra Isthmus, a narrow 44km wide section of land between the Andaman and the Malay peninsula, just North of Koh Samui in Ranong province at the start of the Burmese border, called the “devils neck”.

Phuket province is about 590 sq kms including all 39 provincial islands and is 48 kms long and 21kms wide at its widest. Still largely forest and agricultural with only about 30% of the island inhabited.

In the North is Sirinat National Park on the NW coast covering 90 sq kms that was established in 1981 and the Khao Thaeo non hunting area adjoin the Phuket International Academy/Thanyapura. Three peaks rise above called Khao Bang Pae with a waterfall at 388m, Khao Phara at 422m and Khao Prathiu at 384m.

Phuket is divided into 3 districts, Muang Phuket, Kathu and Thalang.

There are 9 municipal (thesaban) areas and 6 subdistricts or Tambons.

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